The University of the South Pacific has released a new report on the economic and social impacts of migration in Fiji.
The book was written by a team of USP academics including Dr Manoranjan Mohanty, Tolu Muliaina, Ronald Kumar, Dr Sunil Kumar and Professor Vijay Naidu. The team was led by Dr Miliakere Kaitani from the School of Government, Development and International Affairs.
A major finding of the report shows that more than 59 percent of the household migrants were skilled migrants.
“In recent years, Fiji has been witnessing a significant outflow of skilled and professional people. It is clear that we are having a brain drain. Remittances from short-term and long-term migrants helped significantly in the alleviation of poverty”, Dr Kaitani says.
In order to improve the development impacts of migration in Fiji, the report argues that the terms and conditions of employment as well as issues of political stability and personal security need to be addressed in order to encourage more return migration and brain circulation or gain.
The report provides statistical accounts and patterns of migration and data on socio demographic characteristics of migrants, countries of destination, and education levels of migrants, types of employment and their reasons for migration. It also gives data on remittances and how it is used in Fiji.